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Guide to Phases of Matter - Gasses and Plasmas
*walks into view with a big green balloon and a giant grin*
Hey there! Lookit, I got a balloon! *pokes balloon with finger* It's floaty...
...*ahem* Anyway...uh, I didn't get this ballon for me, oh no *shifty eyes* I got it to help with our next phase of matter - gas! When I say gas maybe you think of that station down the road where your car gets pumped full of gas? Or maybe you think of, well, flatulent gasses. Unfortunately, the gas we're considering today is more like flatulent gas than petroleum gas...but not all of it stinks so bad.
What is a gas? Gas is the next phase of matter. So far we've covered solids gaining more energy to melt into liquids. So what would happen if we gave liquids a bit more energy until they evaporate? They become even less dense, and turn into gasses. So lets look at the molecular structure of gas. It's atoms are all whizzing around at high speeds, not necessarily flowing around each other, but any which way they please. They have so mu
Guide to Phases of Matter - Liquids
*throws rock into a lake* Take that! Try falling on my foot now! *watches in satisfaction as rock sinks to the bottom of the lake*
Oh, hey. I was just taking my revenge on that rock-solid rock solid. The best way to do that is to plunge it into a large liquid body.
Come to think of it, that leads us right into our next phase of matter - liquids!
What is a liquid? Like a solid, it can be defined by it's molecular structure. Liquids are fluid. Lava is a liquid. Mercury is a liquid(Not planet Mercury, the element mercury...though an entirely liquid planet isn't a bad idea ). Petroleum is a liquid. And of course, water. Water is such an important liquid that the words "liquid" and "fluid" have nearly become synonymous. Because they're fluid, if you held them in the flat palm of your hand they would flow right off and onto the floor. But I wouldn't recommend holding lava in your hand any way...cause then you wouldn't HAVE a hand to hold any liquid with. That's a liquid.
Guide to Phases of Matter - Solids
*picks up a rock* See this? This is a - *rocks falls on toe*
OWWW!!! *cradles foot* Gosh I hate it when that happens...Ok...*picks up rock cautiously*
This is a solid. I mean, yea it's solid, it still hurts. But it literally is a solid. Solid is one of the 4 phases of matter scientists use to classify their properties. These phases are solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. In another 3-part guide, I'll be discussing Solids, Liquids, Gasses & Plasmas.
So lets get started! *puts rocks away gently*
What is a solid? Well...it's a very self-explanatory name. A solid is SOLID. It's fixed, and a large enough chunk of it could probably hurt your foot...*glares at rock*...depending on the density. On the microscopic level, which is basically what defines phases, solids are stable. Their atoms remain tightly packed and in position, and can only be moved as a whole unless a certain amount of energy is applied to them. That's a solid.
So what are some of the properties of solids? Well, as s
Guide to the Dimensions - 4th Dimension
So now we move on the the 4th Dimension!
Woah, woah, woah! Time out? 4th dimension? There is no 4th dimension. You must mean time...
*sigh*...Not really, but since you mention it, lets take some time to talk about...well, time!
TIME AS A DIMENSION
What is time? That's a very difficult question...many people have different views of time. Science hasn't even found a proper explanation for it yet. The best way we know to describe it, I suppose, is as a progression of causes leading to effects within space(Unless of course you're the Doctor. Then it's just a big ball of wibbly wobbly...timey wimey...stuff...). Strictly speaking, it can be considered a dimension, and Einstein helped us to see that time and space are intertwined as space-time. We even have a negative and a positive constituent of this "dimension" - past, and future. That's time.
Time can be considered a dimension, because it has the positive and negative components, and it can be traveled through. We travel
Guide to the Dimensions - 3rd Dimension
Welcome to the second Guide to the Dimensions! This one is about...
*reaches for 3D glasses...*
...Oh, I threw those in the fire...guess I didn't really think that through...way to spoil the mood...
*grabs another pair*
This one is about...
*puts them on*
The 3rd dimension!!! BD
What is the third dimension? Well, if you remember from the last Guide(1st and 2nd Dimension), a dimension is a direction in which space can exist and extend. Also, the 2nd dimension is exactly perpendicular to the 1st. So, the third dimension is a direction in which space extends, exactly perpendicular to the first 2 dimensions - up, and down. If up were the positive component, then down would be the negative component of the last known dimension - HEIGHT.
Humans exist most "heavily" in the third dimension. I am personally almost 6 times as high as I am long. 3 times as tall as I am wide. Of course, like I stated in the first Guide, by leveling my arms with my shoulders I can
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